Impressionist and Modern Art & Sculpture
Some historians prefer to limit modern art to the 20th century, but it is more customary to take Impressionism as the starting point, while the 1960s are usually seen as the transition between modern art and its successor postmodernist art.
Encompassing paintings, sculptures and works on paper by the most important names in late-19th and early-20th-century art, alongside movements such as Impressionism, Fauvism, Cubism and Surrealism, it includes works by Picasso, Modigliani, Cézanne, Matisse, Monet and more.
Modern art witnessed many of the great international art movements and gave birth to entirely new forms of creative expression, including skyscraper architecture in the 1880s chromolithographic poster art (1880s/90s); animation art from the first cartoon film in 1906; collage from 1912 and performance art from Dada onwards.
The Impressionist Movement was christened by the French art critic Louis Leroy after the title of Monet’s painting Impression: Sunrise (1873), Impressionism was a manner of landscape painting whose goal was the exact representation of light.
The style was exemplified by the painting of Monet, Sisley, Renoir and Camille Pissarro.
It’s often noted that Cubism was ushered in with the revelation of Picasso’s Les Demoiselles d’Avignon in 1907. However, the movement did not receive its name until 1908, when, art critic Louis Vauxcelles depicted Braque’s House at L’Estaque as being fashioned from cubes.
Surrealism is one of the most famous art movements of the Modernist era, thanks mainly to the indelible work, The Persistence of Memory of 1931, by Salvador Dalí. Surrealism has come to be remembered for its production of visceral, eye-grabbing and ambiguous aesthetic images.
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